What causes tooth loss?

If you have lost one or more teeth, dental implants are an excellent treatment option.

Tooth loss can occur for a variety of reasons:

  • Congenital absence
  • Dental disease
  • Caries or periodontal diseases
  • Mechanical failure

Congenital absence

It is not uncommon for a tooth or teeth to be congenitally absent. Most commonly, the primary tooth is present but there is no successor to replace it.

Frequently, this will be apparent when the baby tooth exfoliates, or falls out. Often however, the baby tooth will remain in place and will function until it fails due to the loss of root support or other dental disease.

Before placing an implant in the site of a congenitally absent, it is important that your doctor verify that there is not a tooth bud in the jawbone in that area.

The most commonly missing teeth are maxillary lateral incisors and premolars.

Trauma

Trauma can cause loss of teeth in a variety of ways. Teeth can be “knocked out” from trauma, such as child falling off her bicycle and onto her face. Frequently however, trauma can affect the teeth the teeth in ways that do not manifest until months or years later. Sometimes, after teeth have later been traumatized, they can be treated and appear to be doing well until many years later when root resorption becomes apparent. This occurs when the body turns against itself and causes cells to eat away at the root surface.

Dental disease

The most common reason for tooth loss is periodontal disease. This is essentially a localized infection in the gums and supporting structures of teeth leading to loss of bone. This can progress to the point that teeth fall out on their own or are deemed beyond repair or are too compromised to be useful and must be extracted. Dental caries can also progress to the extent that teeth are beyond the ability to be restored to function. Decay can also lead to significant infection in the bone around the ends of the root leading to necessary tooth extraction to prevent further infectious complications.

Lastly, teeth may crack or fracture in such a way that they cannot be maintained and must be removed. This can happen as the result of clenching and grinding habits, or for mechanical reasons related to the lack of sufficient support from other teeth. This can cause extreme stress to the teeth that remain in function.

Missing teeth can be replaced in a variety of ways

You may be a candidate for any one or all of them, depending on the circumstances. Implants are becoming the treatment of choice for a number of reasons. Most significantly among these is the expected longevity, strength and stability offered by current implant treatment, as well the predictability of implant treatment with current technologies. The following are other common treatment options for missing teeth.

Fixed bridge

Teeth can also be replaced with a fixed bridge if there are teeth in the area that are adequate in number and sufficiently healthy and strong to support the artificial teeth. In order to fabricate a bridge, the adjacent teeth are prepared by reducing their size to remove all the enamel, making room for the prosthetic tooth restoration. A prosthetic tooth can be suspended between adjacent teeth in this way to provide a functional and cosmetic replacement for the missing tooth.

Dentures

Removable partial or full dentures can replace a single missing tooth, several teeth, or all the teeth in your upper and/or lower jaw. Dentures rely on support by the other teeth in the remaining ridge of gum and underlying bone. Maxillary full dentures also may be helped by suction between the denture and the underlying gum of your palate.

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Si usted ha perdido uno o más dientes, los implantes dentales son una excelente opción de tratamiento. La pérdida de dientes puede ocurrir por una variedad de razones como:

  • Ausencia congénita
  • Traumatismos
  • Enfermedad periodontal o caries
  • Fractura dental

  • What is a dental implant?unfold_more

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    What is a dental implant?close

    Dental implant is a prosthetic replacement for a missing tooth. Natural teeth consist of the crow and the root. The crown and the root. The crow is the visible section that is covered with white enamel. Supporting the crown is the tooth rot which extends into the jawbone. The root is the part of the tooth that is effectively replaced by an implant.

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    A dental implant is a prosthetic replacements for a missing tooth. Osseointegrated implants can be used to support prosthetic tooth replacements of various designs and functionality and are usually made to match the natural enamel color of each patient – which offers a completely natural appearance and whole new smile.